Why Infertility Happens? Top 10 Medical Causes

Over the years, infertility problem has increased due to various reasons. There are different factors behind infertility among men and women.


Let’s take a look at top 10 medical reasons behind infertility.


1. Ovulation Disorder


There is a wide range of reasons a woman may have unpredictable ovulation cycles or no ovulation. Hormonal imbalance is the main cause behind infertility among women.


2. Blocked Fallopian Tubes


In women, the fallopian tubes are the ways in which the ova travel from the ovaries into the uterus. If there is a blockage in fallopian tubes, then it becomes difficult to become conceive.


3. Low Sperm Count


Specialists have researched and established that 20 million sperm for each ml or more is ideal sperm count. If the count is less than that then it is termed as ‘low sperm count’.


4. Poor Sperm Health


This incorporates sperm motility (movement of the sperm, tail whip) and morphology (shape/legitimate development of the sperm and DNA). 30% of infertility cases are because of poor sperm health.


5. Endometriosis


Endometriosis occurs when excess endometrium lining of the uterus that usually develops for the embedding of the egg, fail to shed during periods. 40% to 50% of infertility cases in females occur because of endometriosis.


6. Poor Egg Health


There are different elements that may affect the health of the eggs and ovaries such as stress, hormones in the diet, environmental elements, ageing and lifestyle.


7. Anti-sperm Antibodies


In a few people, semen can result in an immune response, and this can occur in both males and females. Antibodies are activated amid the immune response that works to eliminate the sperm. High quantities of sperm antibodies can make it troublesome for the sperm to reach the egg, or to enter the egg. Anti-sperm antibodies may additionally harm sperm that survive, which increases possibility of miscarriage.


8. PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome)


PCOS is credited to hormonal imbalance in a woman’s body. This imbalance may result in abnormal menstrual cycle, cysts in the ovaries, acne, weight gain, insulin resistance, and Hirsutism (unwanted body hair/diminishing head hair). Not every female with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome have the majority of the symptoms, or may just have a couple of the symptoms. The symptoms of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome can vary from patient to patient. This makes visiting the best Gynec in Mumbai quite crucial. There’s no need to worry as PCOS is an extremely normal condition, influencing 5-20% of women in reproductive age.


9. Vas Deferens Blockage


The Vas Deferens is the tube in which sperm travel. Vas Deferens Blockage is also called as epididymis blockage. Varicose veins (Varicocele) of the gonads are the main cause behind this blockage. However, this problem can be resolved by visiting the best gynaecologist in Mumbai West.


10. Combination Infertility


This type of infertility problem happens when both partners (male and female) are diagnosed to have at least one or more issues with fertility. Around 25-35% cases of infertility are because of combination infertility.

20 Interesting Facts About PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome)

PCOS or Polycystic Ovary Syndrome is a health issue that affects many women in India. However, Indian women don’t have much knowledge or info about this illness.


Let’s check the top 20 facts about PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome).


1. In spite of being a common endocrine issue, many women aren’t even aware what Polycystic Ovary Syndrome is all about.


2. Around the world, PCOS influences 10% to 15% females, which makes it the most widely recognized endocrine issue in females who are in their childbearing age.


3. By age 40, 50% of females suffering from PCOS will get diabetes or pre-diabetes.


4. The criteria for diagnosing Polycystic Ovary Syndrome states that a female is suffering from PCOS if she has no less than 2 of the these 3 things:


  • Periods are absent or irregular
  • Polycystic ovaries
  • Physical signs or blood tests that show high levels of androgens


5. Females who have Polycystic Ovary Syndrome are at a higher danger of getting affected from sleep apnea because of the impact of androgens influencing sleep receptors in the brain.


6. It’s also possible that females suffering from PCOS can have menstrual cycles regularly and still have PCOS.


7. In spite of its name, not all females with PCOS really have cysts on their ovaries.


8. Dietary issues including anorexia, binge, and bulimia are normal among females with PCOS.


9. Higher rate of stress and anxiety are seen in women with PCOS compared to women who don’t suffer from it.


10. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome is the most widely recognized reason for ovulatory infertility.


11. Females with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome have more testosterone and can develop muscle easily than females who don’t suffer from it.


12. The follicles regularly observed in Polycystic Ovary Syndrome are in reality the consequence of a hormonal imbalance, not the reason behind the disorder.


13. Acne is one of the quickest signs of high androgens in young people with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome.


14. Ladies with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome may have more trouble breastfeeding and producing the required amount of milk for their children.


15. Having protein and fatty foods after every 3 to 5 hours in the day as it may assist in maintaining glucose levels and avert cravings in women with PCOS.


16. Exercise is a viable approach to improve levels of insulin in Polycystic Ovary Syndrome.


17. As females with PCOS become older, they are probably going to experience menstrual cycles more often.


18. Around 20% to 60% women with PCOS are affected by fatty liver. However, it can be improved by making proper changes in the diet.


19. Multi-factorial approach is the ideal treatment for PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome) including improved diet and changes in lifestyle, supplements and medicines prescribed by the best Gynec in Mumbai.


20. Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome have a higher rate of premature deliveries, miscarriages, stillbirths, and gestational diabetes.

PCOS – One Of The Major Causes Of Infertility

A woman experiences different stages in a lifetime and one of these stages is pregnancy. In India, pregnancy is often considered as a new chapter in the life of a woman pregnant. However, many women have difficulties in conceiving. The inability in getting pregnant or carrying a pregnancy to a complete term is termed as infertility. There are different reasons behind infertility in females. The most well-known issue that females have to deal with is PCOS (Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome).

One Of The Main Reasons For Infertility Issues Is PCOS

PCOS, also known as Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome is a common reason behind anovulation and infertility among women.

Some experts might even term this health condition as PCOD (Polycystic Ovarian Disease), or PCO (Polycystic Ovaries). According to a few studies, Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome affects around 10-15% of females who are in reproductive age group. It is an exceptionally normal issue nowadays.

The problem of infertility with polycystic ovaries is quite huge and women suffering from it often face a lot of difficulty in getting pregnant. They need proper treatment to enhance the chances of conceiving.

Females who have polycystic ovaries and infertility issues,

· They will not ovulate consistently.

· Their ovaries will contain numerous little cystic arrangements, around 2–9 mm in radius.

How Ovulation Functions Naturally?

· A developed follicle, also termed as cystic structure is produced amid an ordinary menstrual cycle.

· The developed follicle that is prepared to ovulate is of size around 18 to 28mm in radius.

· Around fourteen days after ovulation the woman should get a period if she isn’t pregnant.

· The main distinction among normal and polycystic ovaries is that although the polycystic ovaries consist of numerous small antral follicles with eggs in them, still the follicles fail to grow and develop effectively. So, no ovulation takes place in the woman.

· Females who are suffering from PCOS don’t ovulate consistently and don’t get normal menstrual cycle.

Major Symptoms Of PCOS (Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome)

· Oligomenorrhea, or irregular menstrual cycles

· Amenorrhea – A complete absence of menstruation in some cases

· The beginning of excess development of hair on facial and body called as hirsutism

· Generally, have additional male hormone testosterone and androstenedione, which causes high testosterone levels in the blood.

Other Symptoms Of PCOS (Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome)

· pelvic pain

· infertility

· depression

· acne

· weight gain

Treatments For PCOS (Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome) Or Infertility Problem

· The patient must lead a healthy lifestyle for example exercise regularly, consume a healthy diet, control weight, and quit smoking, and stop alcohol consumption.

· Hormone therapy is the main treatment provided by the best gynaecologist in Mumbai West.

· To help you start to ovulate, the best gynecologists in Mumbai will give you right medicines that can also help with acne and excessive hair growth.

· Check-ups to catch any complications caused by PCOS (Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome), like uterine cancer, heart disease, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, and diabetes.

How PCOS And Depression are Connected?

Many patients often ask that if there’s a connection between PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome) and depression. PCOS expands the chances of a female getting depression. Different hormones, alongside adapting to a troublesome medical condition, are the guilty parties. Depression can be a particularly alarming symptom of PCOS, as it drains your vitality level to get help and make improvements.

There’s no doubt that emotional results of PCOS can be damaging, there are steps that you can take. A good lifestyle, which incorporates a nutritious diet, physical exercise, nourishing supplements as well as medicines prescribed by gynaecologist, can help you bring your depression caused by PCOS under control.

A possible Polycystic Ovary Syndrome mood disorder that can go from mild to extreme, depression is a disorder that has the ability to influence how you work & perform every day. Some people have a wrong assumption that it is something just like being sad or unhappy, but depression is nothing that individuals can control as easily as their emotions. Women with PCOS (Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome) can develop one of the 3 types of depressions:

· Occasional Affective Disorder – This pressure of sadness happens amid shorter days or winter when there’s a decline in daylight and it causes periodic depression. A few scientists indicate changing seasons as the reason behind this health condition.

· Dysthymia – It is a chronic form of depression and dysthymia can affect a patient for a considerable length of time and can happen along with different types of depression.

· Major Depressive Disorder – The most extreme kind of depression, this health problem usually remains for months and cause difficulty for people to work. This problem can happen as both are 1 time issue and a recurring disease.

PCOS (Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome) is quite a personal condition, which varies from patient to patient. So, there’s no clear way to explain that how it’s going to affect you emotionally and physically. Also, there’s no concrete evidence to explain the relation between PCOS and different forms of depression.

The Most Effective Method To Beat Depression

There is no exact cure available for PCOS (Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome), but females who follow new lifestyle are able to deal with the condition. The best gynecologists in Mumbai say that by getting a healthy diet that is low in sugar and carbs, and maximizing fibre intake, a PCOS patient can control her insulin levels and, therefore, improve the balance of her hormones. A patient can reclaim her heath by combining this with the consumption of nutritional supplements such as minerals and vitamins, and with a regular exercise routine.

PCOS causes various problems for patients to overcome. Depression is one of many troubling symptoms caused by this health issue. However, by visiting the best gynaecologist in Mumbai West you can get proper treatment for your PCOS problem.